The first baby of European parentage born on the shores of the future United States came into this then-New World 450 years ago. Martin de Arg?elles Jr. was born to a soldier father, who had brought his wife, Leonor, to the new Spanish settlement of St. Augustine, Florida. Founded in 1565, St. Augustine is the nation’s oldest permanently occupied European settlement. The better-known Virginia Dare, of the vanished Roanoke Colony in North Carolina, was born 21 years after the young de Arg?elles, who followed his father by serving in the Spanish army in Cuba and Mexico. Americans of Spanish descent are counted among the 53 million Hispanics in the U.S. Within the 41 million foreign-born population, Spaniards number some 104,000. You can find more facts about America from the U.S. Census Bureau online at <www.census.gov>.